Gradual Training

The Buddha's Step-by-Step Guide
for Awakening


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"Final knowledge is achieved by gradual training, by gradual practice, by gradual progress." MN 70
          Abhidhamma – the third division of the Pāli Canon, consisting of a deconstructionist, metaphysical view of the Buddha's doctrine
        anupubbasikkhā – gradual (or graduated) training
        arahant – A worthy one, meaning fully awakened
        āsava – intoxicant; also translated as outflow, influx, effluent, canker, taint
        Bodhisatta – (Pāli) the Buddha-to-be before his awakening
        Bodhisattva – (Sanskrit) a being that compassionately refrains from entering nirvana in order to save others and is worshipped as a deity in Mahāyāna Buddhism; the personification of an archetype.
        brahma-vihāra – one of four meditation practices of loving-kindness, compassion, appreciative joy and equanimity
        citta – heart/mind
        dhamma – phenomena
        Dhamma – the teaching of the Buddha and also "the way things truly are"
        dukkha – bummer, unsatisfactoriness, stress, suffering
        jhāna – literally: meditation; one of four (later eight) states of concentration
        jhāyati – to meditate
        kāya – group, heap, collection, body
        khandha – one of the five aggregates: rūpa, vedanā, saññā, saṅkhārā & viññāṇa
        mettā – loving-kindness, unconditional love
        nibbāna – literally "not burning," i.e., not burning with the fires of greed hate or delusion; the goal of the holy life, the realization that brings an end to dukkha
        nimitta – sign. It later came to have a more specific meaning of a visual circle of light appearing as a sign of deep concentration.
        ñāṇa – knowledge
        pāmojja – gladness, worldly joy
        pasaddhakāya – bodily tranquility
        paññā – wisdom
        pīti – glee, rapture, sometimes translated as euphoria, ecstasy, delight, or interest
        rūpa – materiality, body
        saṃsāra – worldly existence, the infinitely repeating cycles of birth, dukkha, and death
        samādhi – indistractability, concentration
        sampajañña – clear comprehension
        samphapalapa – gossip or idle chatter; useless speech
        saññā – conceptualization, perception, naming, identifying
        saññāvedayitanirodha – the cessation of perception and feeling
        sati – mindfulness, remembering to be here now
        sīla – morality, ethical behavior
        sukha – happiness/joy
        sukha & dukkha – pleasure and pain
        sutta – discourse, teaching
        Suttas – the second division of the Pāli Canon, consisting of discourses given by the Buddha or his closest disciples
        taṇhā – craving (literally "thirst")
        TL;DR – Too Long; Didn't Read
        thru – through
        upekkhā – equanimity (literally "gaze upon")
        vedanā – the initial categorization of a sense input as pleasant, unpleasant or neither unpleasant or pleasant; valence
        vicāra – examining
        vipassanā – insight, an understood experience
        Visuddhimagga – a 5th century CE commentary on the Buddha's teachings
        vitakka – thinking
        viññāṇa – consciousness; occasionally it means "mind;" literally "divided knowing"
        yathābhūtañāṇadassana – knowing and seeing what is actually happening

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